Agora (2016/Issue 4) – War and Conflict

Agora is a journal of curated professional reading for history teachers. This digital download covers a broad range of articles about war and conflict histories.

Please note that full-colour, print copies of Agora are also available by annual subscription.


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Editorial | Alan Tiller
President’s Introduction | Ashley Wood


Sparta Becomes Athens: The Peloponnesian War’s Last Ten Years | Dr David M. Pritchard
After Sparta’s occupation of Decelea and a disastrous defeat for Athenian forces in Sicily, the final phase of the Peloponnesian War ended with the surrender of Athens in 404/5 BCE after a combined land and sea blockade.

Are We Brainwashing our Children? The Place of Anzac in Australian History | Dr Carolyn Holbrook
Encouraging students to think critically about the Anzac legend and its commemoration can challenge them to recognise the contestability and subjectivity of all historical inquiry.

The Improbable Three: Virtual History, Spirituality and the Meaning of May 1940 | Dr Paul Cocks
History viewed from ‘the front’ rather than ‘the back’ sometimes reveals surprises. At any rate, it is often less clear-cut or confused than might initially appear to be the case.2

The Curious Case of the 1939 Nazi–Soviet Non-Aggression Pact | Andrew A. Pyrcz
Until 1989, Russia consistently denied that the Nazi–Soviet Non-Aggression Pact also featured a secret protocol. Why was the Kremlin so anxious to conceal its existence?

Delenda est Carthago: New Perspectives on an Old Conflict | Dr Panayiotis Diamadis
Delenda est Carthago (‘Carthage must be destroyed’) were the words that Cato Senior, one of Rome’s greatest orators, famously incorporated into all of his senate speeches. Recent archaeological discoveries allow students to examine the conflict between Rome and Carthage and construct arguments about the significant features of ancient societies using primary sources and historical interpretations as evidence.

Women in the Services – The Changing Roles of Women in World War II | Ann Howard
Drawing on extracts from her book You’ll Be Sorry!, Ann Howard examines how participation in the services during World War II changed the lives of women.


The Night Fight at KB Mission (1942) – The ‘Doing’ of History | Jon Neall
A case study based on a small-unit action at the Battle of Milne Bay during World War II allows students the opportunity to become real historians.

Ancient Mesopotamia: Resources | Dr Andrew Jamieson
Mesopotamia has long been a focus of historical and archaeological research and this has resulted in the generation of a wealth of resources giving extensive accounts of the region’s historical development.

Finding Their Way Home: A Conversation About the Impact of the Transatlantic Slave Trade with Dr Emma Christopher | Agata Kula
A recent documentary about a remarkable transcontinental reunion of a family from Afro–Cuban and Sierra Leone villages, some 170 years after they were driven apart, portrays how the long shadows of the transatlantic slave trade still affect people today.

The Wonderful World of Teaching Via Videoconferencing | Natalie Shephard
Despite some drawbacks, videoconferencing provides access to education for students in more remote areas and is generally viewed by them as an interesting and exciting way to learn.

Royal Flying Doctor Service Consultancy Project | Dr Jo Clyne
A recently developed online resource provides primary school students with an engaging introduction to the activities and history of the Royal Flying Doctor Service.